Product Name: Prilocaine
Chemical Properties:It is a kind of needle-like crystals with the melting point being 37-38 ºC and the boiling point being 159-162 ºC (0.133kPa), and refractive index (nD20) being 1.5299. Its hydrochloride ([1786-81-8]) is a white crystalline powder. The Melting point is 167-168 ºC. It is soluble in water and ethanol, slightly soluble in chloroform. It has sour taste and bitter taste and is odorless.
Uses: It is a kind of local anesthetic drug. The product has better efficacy than procaine and the local anesthesia intensity and speed being similar as lidocaine but with longer duration time and less toxicity as well as smaller accumulation effect. It is suitable for epidural anesthesia, conduction anesthesia and infiltration anesthesia.
Local Anesthetic Drug Prilocaine:
Prilocaine belongs to amide local anesthetic drug with its anesthesia intensity and speed being similar as lidocaine but with a longer duration period and weaker effect on vasodilation. It has a lower toxicity than lidocaine. It is clinically for local anesthesia, especially suitable for treating patients who are not allowed to use adrenaline.
Its 3% solution has a similar local anesthesia efficacy as the anesthesia drug of 2% lidocaine together with adrenaline. It has a slow onset time which lasts about 6 ~ 7min and the duration time of about 1.5 ~ 2h. It has a strong penetration capability through mucous membranes. Adrenaline has a slightly prolonged duration of action. PPB is 55% and T1/2 of about 1.5h. It is subject to liver metabolism with its metabolites nitroso toluidine being able to oxidize hemoglobin to form methemoglobin. It can be transported to the fetus through the placenta.
once the usage amount exceeds 600mg, methaemoglobinaemia can occur with cyanosis, tachycardia, headache, dizziness and weakness occurring.
Note of Prilocaine:
Patients of anemia, congenital or acquired methaemoglobinaemia, respiratory failure or heart failure and hypoxic patients should be disabled. It is forbidden for applied to obstetric anesthesia.
||White crystalline powder
||Aluminum foil bag inside+ Carton box outside;1kg/bag,25kg/drum;
||Store in sealed containers at cool & dry place. Keep away from light, moisture, pest infestation.
Prilocaine topical is a local anesthetic (numbing medication). It works by blocking nerve signals in your body. Prilocaine topical is used to numb the skin, or surfaces of the penis or vagina, in preparation for a medical procedure or to lessen the pain of inserting a medical instrument such as a tube or speculum.
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